Study Material

The Invention of Scratch Plow

Around 9500 B.C.E. in a number of populations distant from one another people began to select and cultivate plants for foods and other purposes. The Invention of Scratch Plow

The Invention of Scratch Plow

These people were the first farmers. In what is now known as the fertile crescent in Southwest Asia, small populations engaged in small-scale farming and began to grow the eight founder crops of agriculture emmer and einkorn wheat hulled barley bitter vetch peas chickpeas lentils and flex.

The Invention of Scratch Plow

However, it took thousands of years before the farmers developed the practices and technology necessary the enable cultivation of the land on the larger scale.

In 5500 B.C.E. the first plow a tool used to prepare the soil for planting was developed in Mesopotamia by the Indus Valley Civilization.

The Invention of Plaster

It was known as the scratch plow and represented one of the greatest advances in agriculture. It consisted simply of a wooden stick attached to a wooden frame but was able to aerate the soil and scratch a furrow to allow the planting of seeds.

The plow was pulled by domesticated oxen and left strips of undisturbed earth between each plowed row. To increase the productivity to their fields, the farmer often cross-plowed them at right angles.

The squarish fields that resulted are known to archeologists as “Celtic field”.

Many different types of plow have superseded this simple device but it is still used in many parts of the world.

In certain areas including northern Europe, the scratch plow was ineffective in dealing continue to use the primitive plow to introduce organic materials into soils that have been cultivated for up to 2,000 years.

Share
Published by
Deep Khicher

Recent Posts

अपने डॉक्यूमेंट किससे Attest करवाए – List of Gazetted Officer

आज इस आर्टिकल में हम आपको बताएँगे की अपने डॉक्यूमेंट किससे Attest करवाए - List…

1 month ago

CGPSC SSE 09 Feb 2020 Paper – 2 Solved Question Paper

निर्देश : (प्र. 1-3) नीचे दिए गये प्रश्नों में, दो कथन S1 व S2 तथा…

7 months ago

CGPSC SSE 09 Feb 2020 Solved Question Paper

1. रतनपुर के कलचुरिशासक पृथ्वी देव प्रथम के सम्बन्ध में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा…

8 months ago

Haryana Group D Important Question Hindi

आज इस आर्टिकल में हम आपको Haryana Group D Important Question Hindi के बारे में…

8 months ago

HSSC Group D Allocation List – HSSC Group D Result Posting List

अगर आपका selection HSSC group D में हुआ है और आपको कौन सा पद और…

8 months ago

HSSC Group D Syllabus & Exam Pattern – Haryana Group D

आज इस आर्टिकल में हम आपको HSSC Group D Syllabus & Exam Pattern - Haryana…

8 months ago