The Invention of Drill

It is thought that early man used a primitive drill-perhaps a modified spear-to pierce wood and animal skins. Much later, the technique by making any necessary holes with a bow drill. Adapted from the fire-stick, it had a cord wrapped around it and was held taut with a bow. Who Invented Drill? The Invention of Drill

The Invention of Drill

Holding the drill vertically, the operator moved the bow backward and forward, pressing downward on alternate turns, with an idle return stroke.

The Invention of Drill

(There is also evidence of dental drilling from as long ago as 9000 B.C.E., accomplished by the same means.) The Romans replaced the bow drill with the anger, but the bit froze between turns.

It was not until the Middle Ages that use of the carpenter’s brace made continuous rotation of the drill possible.

The term “drill” may either refer to the machine supplying the rotational energy needed for penetration, or to the “drill bit,” which is the part that rotates and actually cuts into the material.

Various kinds of drills have evolved to meet specific needs.

Any drill has the capacity to make small holes in wood or brick, but more powerful machines are required to create pipe-sized holes in masonry or metal.

Modern drills include a chuck to grip the drill bits or simple attachments.

Some drills have chucks that can be unscrewed in order to receive larger attachments, such as sanding tools, wire brushes, grinding stones, and circular saws.

The tip of a drill bit is conical in shape with cutting edges. The fluted part, or body,  of a drill, is now usually made of hardened, high-carbon steel.

The angle formed by tapering sides of the point determines how large a chip is taken off with each rotation.

The bit also has helical flutes, which affect the drill’s cutting and chip-removal properties.

Published by
Deep Khicher

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