The first handmade material that humans created to make to clothing into was felt which was made by intermeshing animal fibers under heat and pressure. Felt lacked the necessary durability however and the real textile breakthrough came later with weaving. The Invention of Woven Cloth
The Invention of Woven Cloth
Weaving is accomplished with a loom a frame that holds vertical threads taut while the weaver interlaces a horizontal thread.
The thread itself is obtained through spinning in which animal or plant fibers are twisted together by head or machine.
The earliest evidence of weaving was discovered in 1962, in the town of Catalhoyuk turkey. A piece of carbonized cloth it was found to data from 6500 B.C.E. it is unclear whether the cloth was made from flax (a wild Mediterranean plant ) or from sheep’s wool.
A more recent piece of lines dating from 5000 B.C.E. and woven from flax was discovered in Egypt prior to this find and it seemed likely that Turkish cloth was made from the same material.
Flex experts disagreed, however, stating that the plant was not found in this region of turkey at this time. Wool experts concurred after discovering that the cloth is scaly; flex cloth is smooth so they concluded that the t Turkish cloth must have been made of wool.
The issue was finally resolved after the cloth was dipped in an alkali solution. This would have destroyed wool, but instead, it removed cross-striations consistence with flax.
It was shortly after weaving with flax that textiles made from wool from wool and silk became available. The breakthrough led to a variety of textile products including warmer and more durable clothing.