Question Paper

PSTET Paper-1 English Language Question Paper

PSTET English Language Question Paper

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions (Q. 31-37) that follow by choosing the best alternative:

In these times of worldwide skyrocketing energy costs, experts are turning to perhaps the only energy source that is still immune to price fluctuations: the Sun. Economic necessity appears to be largely responsible for the rapidly growing acceptance of solar heat as an alternative source. Electricity has been a clean and versatile form of energy that continues to grow in importance for lighting, heating and cooking, and for powering our increasingly automated and computerized society. The demand for electricity is expected to grow more in future than the average trend in the past. A mix of energy sources is required as hedge against shortages in any one area, and the electricity supply companies are taking a second look at renewabologies, particularly those based in the sun. Every 15 minutes, the sun delivers to earth radiant energy to meet all mankind’s power needs for a full year. But harnessing this energy is complicated by two properties of sunlight: its diffuseness and its variability with time of day, season and weather conditions. These factors pose formidable technical challenges for the efficient conversion of solar radiation into bulk, utility grade electric power. Nevertheless, solar technologies are attractive to utilities because they are environment-friendly and offer a low regulatory risk, limited capital risk, and less lead time.

Q. Why are experts, according to the passage, looking at the sun as an energy source?

(1) due to depletion of other sources of energy
(2) as other energy forms pollute the environment
(3) increasing costs of other sources
(4) all of the above

Q. Experts are impressed with the solar energy technologies because…

(1) of them being good for the environment
(2) they require less investment
(3) they can be employed in quick time
(4) all of these

Q. Why is sun such an important source of alternative energy?

(1) it is available free of cost
(2) it is available everywhere in the world
(3) it can satisfy human energy requirements alone if tapped properly
(4) all of these

Q. What is the major difficulty in employing solar energy?

(1) fluctuations in weather
(2) by nature sunlight is diffuse
(3) sunlight varies from time to time
(4) all of these

Q. Why are power generating companies looking at mix energy options?

(1) the sources of energy are getting scarce but demand is increasing
(2) government is controlling prices of electricity
(3) alternative sources of energy are available free and without regulations
(4) all of these

Q. Identify the word closest in meaning to the word: “VERSATILE”

(1) limited
(2) resourceful
(3) permanent
(4) invariable

Q. Identify the word opposite in meaning to the word: “FORMIDABLE”

(1) alarming
(2) frightening
(3) terrible
(4) insignificant

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions (Q. 38-45) that follow by choosing the best alternative:

The political system always dominates the entire social scene; and hence those who wield political power are generally able to control all the different social sub-systems and manipulate them to their own advantage. The social groups in power therefore have always manipulated the education systems, especially when these happen to depend upon the state for their very existence to strengthen and perpetuate their own privileged position. But herein lies a contradiction. For the very realization of their selfish ends, the social groups in power are compelled to extend the benefits of these educational systems to the under-privileged groups also. The inevitable task is generally performed with three precautions abundantly taken care of: One, the privileged groups continue to be the principal beneficiaries of the educational system, dominate the higher stages of education or the hard core of prestigious and quality institutions or the most useful of courses, so as to safeguard their dominant position of leadership in all walks of life; Second, the system is so operated that under-privileged groups can utilize it only marginally in real terms and the bulk of them become either dropouts or pushouts and get reconciled to their to their own interior status in society; Third, the few from the weaker section that survive and succeed in spite of all the handicaps are generally co-opted within the system to prevent dissatisfaction.

Q. Who, according to the passage, can manipulate the systems to their advantage?

(1) social activists
(2) popular people
(3) political powerful people
(4) all of the above

Q. How do socially powerful people try to maintain their privileged position?

(1) by maintaining control over political systems
(2) by maintaining control over social systems
(3) by maintaining control over education systems
(4) all of these

Q. Why underprivileged sections have to reconcile to their inferior status?

(1) they are unable to effectively utilize the education system
(2) they have no interest in the system
(3) they are illiterate
(4) all of these

Q. Which is the best explanation as to why the few from the weaker section that survive and succeed in spite of all the handicaps are generally co-opted within the system?

(1) to prevent the revolt in the society
(2) to satisfy their instinct
(3) to augument the position of the privileged class
(4) all of these

Q. Which system, according to the passage, dominates the social system? 

(1) political system
(2) education system
(3) caste system
(4) monetary system

Q. Identify the word closest in meaning to the word: “PERPETUATE”.

(1) abort
(2) ruin
(3) continue
(4) omit

Q. Identify the word opposite in meaning to the word: “PRESTIGIOUS”.

(1) obscure
(2) influential
(3) esteemed
(4) impressive

Q. What is the major idea reflected in the passage?

(1) powerful people are unable to fully control the system
(2) major benefits have been snatched by the underprivileged
(3) both of these
(4) none of these

Q. While writing a notice, the writer should prefer…

(1) active voice
(2) passive voice
(3) any voice
(4) None of these

Q. Where will you add disclosures in a letter?

(1) below the signature and the right side margin
(2) below the signature and the left side margin
(3) above the signature and the right side margin
(4) any of these

Q. ‘Phonetics’ is basically associated with…

(1) sounds.
(2) sentences
(3) grammar
(4) all of these

Q. Remedial teaching…

(1) fills the gap that creeps into a pupil’s learning
(2) rectifies the concepts which have been misunderstood
(3) helps in retaining homogeneity in the class
(4) all of these

Q. Learning a language is a…

(1) gradual process
(2) fast process
(3) instant process
(4) all inclusive process

Q. Study of meaning in a language is known as…

(1) syntax
(2) semantics
(3) morphology
(4) linguistics

Q. “REGISTER” is…

(1) variety of language according to region in a particular country
(2) variety of language according to countries
(3) any of these
(4) none of these

Q. /m/ sound in the word ‘make’ is….

(1) labio-dental
(2) dental
(3) bilabial
(4) alveolar

Q. Which of the following organs of speech is also known as ‘VELUM’?

(1) hard palate
(2) voice box
(3) alveolar ridge
(4) soft palate

Q. The major difference between an ‘ARTICLE’ and ‘SPEECH’ is….

(1) speech is more formal
(2) speech is more informal
(3) speech is more descriptive
(4) all of these

Q. Communicative Language Teaching replaced basically…

(1) Natural Language Processing .
(2) Structural Teaching
(3) Situational Language Teaching
(4) Motivational Teaching

Q. Find the word nearest in meaning to : REMORSE

(1) obdurate
(2) hard
(3) penitent
(4) none of these

Q. Find the word opposite in meaning to : INSIPID

(1) impalatable
(2) bland
(3) tame
(4) savoury

Q. Identify the correct passive voice of the sentence: Obey me.

(1) I should be obeyed
(2) Let I be obeyed
(3) both, a and b
(4) none of these

Q. Find the appropriate preposition to fill in the sentence: She lives ……. Mumbai.

(1) at
(2) in
(3) into
(4) on

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